Italian surnames derived from names

- Updated:10 Oct 2016

Nomi e cognomi - Saggio di ricerche e Storiche etimologiche

(Names and Surnames - Etymologies and an index of surnames)

It is a book written by Angelo Bongioanni in 1928. Bongioanni made a very particular analysis about the origins of Italian surnames. He thinks that the name is always derived from a patronymic (father's name). No matter if the name is a nickname or a profession, it is always a patronymic for Bongioanni.

Bongioani studied countless variations that the proper names have experienced in the popular use of different dialects and the surnames derived. He omits the names whose etymology is evident by considering a too easy and useless work.

Some names are popular and traditional in some regions of Italy, but are unknown in others.Many names have fallen into disuse, but survive in the surnames, mainly the names of Germanic origin.

Bongioani limits its investigation to a few groups of names and to surnames of whose names are derived:

- Names of saints or about a religious significance, used in specific regions, for example: "Chiaffredo" in Saluzzo, "Juvenal" in Fossano, "Oronzo" in Lecce, "Letterio" Messina, "Gavino" in Sardinia, etc.

- Lombard and French names, which survive at least in a last name.

- names derived from poems and novels of the Carolingian or Arthurian cycle

- Italian specific names and specially of Tuscany, which express an omen or a promise as "Benvenuto", "Bonaventura", "Allegra", etc., or refered to the time of birth for example: "Nascinguerra" (born in war) or "Finguerra" (end of the war) and others similar.

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Index of surnames

Aicardo Achiardi, Aicardi, Eicardi, Icardi, Icheri 12
Aimo, Aimone, Amone Aimo, Aymo, Aimini, Aimone, Aimassi, Imasi, Imazio, Emo, Caimi, Caimo 12
Alamanno Alamanni, Manni, Mannini, Manetti, Manuzzi, Manin, Salamano 12 -- 13
Albano Albani 13
Alberico, Alberigo Albricci, Albrighi, Albrizzi, Albrizio, Albergati, Alberghetti, Alborghetti, Borghelli, Borghetti, Borgatta, Borgatti, Abrile, Albrile, Brizi, Brizzi, Brisiotto 13
Albino Albini, Bin, Bino, Binetto, Binotti, Binutti, Binelli 13
Aldo Aldi, Aldini, Aldone 14
Alduino, Aldovino Alduino, Oldoini 14
Aleramo Alerino, Rambaldi 14 -- 15
Alessandro Alessandri, Sandri, Sandrini, Sandron, Sandroni, Sandrucci, Assandro, Sciandra, Zandrini, Zendrini, Ginaderini 15

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