Italian surnames derived from names

- Updated:10 Oct 2016

Nomi e cognomi - Saggio di ricerche e Storiche etimologiche

(Names and Surnames - Etymologies and an index of surnames)

It is a book written by Angelo Bongioanni in 1928. Bongioanni made a very particular analysis about the origins of Italian surnames. He thinks that the name is always derived from a patronymic (father's name). No matter if the name is a nickname or a profession, it is always a patronymic for Bongioanni.

Bongioani studied countless variations that the proper names have experienced in the popular use of different dialects and the surnames derived. He omits the names whose etymology is evident by considering a too easy and useless work.

Some names are popular and traditional in some regions of Italy, but are unknown in others.Many names have fallen into disuse, but survive in the surnames, mainly the names of Germanic origin.

Bongioani limits its investigation to a few groups of names and to surnames of whose names are derived:

- Names of saints or about a religious significance, used in specific regions, for example: "Chiaffredo" in Saluzzo, "Juvenal" in Fossano, "Oronzo" in Lecce, "Letterio" Messina, "Gavino" in Sardinia, etc.

- Lombard and French names, which survive at least in a last name.

- names derived from poems and novels of the Carolingian or Arthurian cycle

- Italian specific names and specially of Tuscany, which express an omen or a promise as "Benvenuto", "Bonaventura", "Allegra", etc., or refered to the time of birth for example: "Nascinguerra" (born in war) or "Finguerra" (end of the war) and others similar.

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Index of surnames

Ansperto Asperti, Sperti, Spertini, Spirt 25
Ansuino Ansuini, Asuinelli, Anzovini, Anzuini, Ansevini, Sovini, Suvini, Suino 25
Antenore Antinori 26
Antioco Antioco 26
Antonio Este nombre ha dado lugar a una extensa lista de apellidos, entre los que podemos nombrar: Tonelli, Tonini, Ottone, Tonot, Tognot, Tognut, Tonis, Tonissi, Tonizzo, Gnot, Not, Nus, Nizz, Tonegutti, Tunicotti, Toneghini, Tonachini 26 -- 27
Apostolo Apostoli 28
Aquilino (Ver tambin Achille) Achillini 28
Arcambaldo, Arcimbaldo, Arconobaldo, Riconovaldo Arcimboldi 28
Archelao Arcoleo 28
Ardemanno, Ardimanno Ardemagni, Ardemani, Ardimenti, Armani, Armanino 28 -- 29

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