Political organization of Italy

- Updated:Dec 08, 2016

Politically speaking Italy is divided into Regions and each region includes several provinces. Within each province there are communities (towns or cities) or administrative divisions called “comuni”.
Comuni and frazioni

Before 1860

Italy before 1866Before 1860 Italy was not the country we know now but a group of kingdoms governed by different Royal Families. The state which carried out the Unification was the Piedmont-Sardinia Kingdom which by then included the French regions of Saboie and Niza.
Each Italian region lived peculiar historic processes producing typical documents which we will analyze in our website.
In recent history, there have been various important changes in the political division of Italy.
- Wikipedia


was started over 25 years ago and contains more than 150,000 maps. The collection focuses on rare 18th and 19th century maps of North and South America, although it also has maps of the World, Asia, Africa, Europe, and Oceania. The collection features over 300 antique maps of Italy.

Changes in the political organization of Italy

In recent history, there have been various important changes in the political division of Italy.



Territorial reorganizations
In Italy, territorial reorganizations by means of which new provinces are created are frequent. Reorganizations like this took place in 1920-1924; 1927, 1945-1951; 1968; 1992 and 2004.
It is important to take this into account because documents which were originated in one province may be included in the state archive of another one.
L’evoluzione delle circoscrizioni provinciali dall’Unità d’Italia ad oggi (Gaetano Palombelli)

List of Italian towns

It can happen that although we look for information about one Italian comune we may not find anything for two reasons:
- It is a fraction or a populated centre which depends on a comune for its administration.
- Maybe the comune or fraction does not exist anymore or changed its name in the various territorial reorganizations that Italy made.
List of Italian Towns